Patents registration in India is a complicated process that requires thorough knowledge of Indian Patent Act and other legal formalities. Once registered, patents confer tremendous tangible and intangible benefits. It is always required to get your inventions patented as soon as possible without public disclosure of the same.
The starting point for the same is to file a patent application at the concerned patent office of your jurisdiction. After filing of the patent application, a request for examination is required to be made by the applicant or by third party and thereafter it is taken up for examination by the patent office.
Usually, the first examination report is issued and the applicant is given an opportunity to correct the deficiencies in order to meet the objections raised in the said report. The applicant must comply with the requirements within the prescribed time otherwise his application would be treated as deemed to have been abandoned.
When all the requirements are met, the patent is granted and notified in the patent office journal. However before the grant of patent and after the publication of application, any person can make a representation for pre-grant opposition.
Once a patent is granted, a patentee enjoys exclusive right to prevent a third party from an unauthorised act of making, using, offering for sale, selling or importing the patented product or process within the country during the term of the patent. A patented invention becomes free for public use after expiry of the term of the patent or when the patent ceases to have effect on account of non-payment of renewal fee.
Source: Corporate Laws In India