Friday, March 18, 2011

Securing Critical National Infrastructure From Cyber Attack

Cyber security in India has started gaining attention of Indian government. However, the cyber security initiatives of Indian government are still far from satisfactory. We do not have a cyber security policy in India that clearly stipulates the cyber security strategy of India.

Cyber security of India is also an essential part of National ICT Policy and Strategy of India. However, despite some very good suggestions by experts, India has not taken cyber security seriously. On the other hand, the International Community is focusing really hard to make cyber security an essential part of their day to day lives.

Internationally, it is an accepted fact that to ensure effective cyber security, there must be a coordinated and collaborative approach, metrics and assessment tools must be developed, an effective legal and policy framework for security must be created and the human dimension of security must be addressed.

Although there are numerous aspects of Cyber Security Policy of India yet Critical Infrastructure Protection in India is one of the most important aspects of the same, informs Praveen Dalal, leading techno legal expert of India and managing partner of New Delhi based techno legal law firm Perry4Law. The Critical National Infrastructure of India is under constant cyber attacks and India must urgently do something in this regard, informs Dalal.

Experts like Praveen Dalal also feel that India does not have strong and effective cyber laws to deal with issue pertaining to Critical Infrastructure. India is blind towards cyber law, cyber security and cyber forensics requirements. The IT Act, 2000 is a poorly drafted law and badly implemented legislation. It is weak and ineffective in dealing with growing Cyber Crimes in India as it is the most Soft and Cyber Criminal Friendly Legislation of the World.

Thus, on all the fronts of policy, legal framework and effective cyber security initiatives, India has failed to give proper attention. In these circumstances, critical national infrastructures of India are at grave cyber security risks. They are vulnerable to cyber threats and cyber attacks. India must urgently do something in this regard as soon as possible.

Online Arbitration In India

Online arbitration in India is at its infancy stage. Online arbitration is also known as cyber arbitration in India. Online arbitration in India is not very popular because there are very few online arbitration and mediation centre in India.

Online arbitration is an essential part of the online dispute resolution (ODR) mechanism. Online dispute resolution in India is still at its initial stages. It is facing many legal and technical roadblocks in India.

Indian arbitration law is incorporated in the arbitration and conciliation act, 1996. With the passage of time, it has become necessary to amend the same. Although much talk about amending the arbitration law of India has already taken place yet no constructive actions have taken so far.

Even the cyber law of India is defective. The information technology act, 2000 is the sole cyber law of India that requires urgent repeal. Further, the national litigation policy of India (NLPI) must also be reformulated as it is not catering the requirements of e-courts and ODR in India.

On the front of research and development as well India need to work hard. We have a single techno legal e-courts training, consultancy and educational centre in India. It is managing many crucial aspects of technology and law like e-courts, ODR, digital evidencing, judges and lawyers training for e-courts and ODR, cyber law trainings, etc. This centre is managed by Perry4Law Techno Legal Base (PTLB), a techno legal segment of Perry4Law.

We need more such techno legal institution that can help in the growth and development of e-courts and ODR in India. Law Minister Veerappa Moily must urgently consider these issues so that online arbitration in India may see the light of the day.